Module 12: Obesity and Lipid Storage Diseases

0.0(0) Reviews
Report Flashcard set

Spaced Repetition

spaced repetition





Practice Test

35 Terms
😃 Not studied yet (35)
It is a body condition characterized by the excessive accumulation of fat in the body, particularly in the adipose tissues beneath the skin and within other organs, including muscles
A person can be categorized _______ if he/she is overweight or has an abnormal increase in body weight beyond that is considered desirable with regards to age, height and bone structure
a form of Arteriosclerosis ("hardening of the arteries") due to the formation of abnormal masses of fatty or lipid material (atheroma) within the intima or inside the lumen of arteries resulting to obstruction to the blood supply and eventual dysfunction of these blood vessels
it is the hardening of the arteries
due to the formation of abnormal masses of fatty or lipid material
persistently high pressure of the blood against the arterial walls
Myocardial infarction
it refers to the death or necrosis of the cells of an area of the heart muscle (myocardium) as a result of oxygen deprivation due to blood supply obstruction which can lead to death
Myocardial infarction
commonly referred to as "heart attack"
referred as the heart muscle
Diabetes mellitus (type II)
due to a decreased sensitivity of the body tissues to insulin
frequent sensation of chronic back and joint pains from increased strain on joints and ligaments
excessive or profuse secretion of sweat
offensive odor of the breath due to rancidity of fats in the throat
Vaginal candidiasis (for obese females) and body odor
since a fatty environment can be accessible to culture microorganisms like fungi and bacteria
Amenorrhea (secondary)
absence of the onset of menstruation which may lead to sterility
Lipemia retinalis
manifestation of a milky appearance of the blood vessels due to excess fat in the blood which can result to blurredness of sight and eventual blindness
condition characterized by abnormal localized or tumor – like accumulations of fat in the tissues
increased physical defenselessness or a greater tendency to contract infectious diseases
Intestinal bypass (Jejunoileal shunt)
the proximal jejunum and terminal ileum are bypassed in order to bring about malabsorption of digested food
Jejunoileal shunt
other name for Intestinal bypass
aspiration of excess fat usually in the subcutaneous tissues
Lipid storage diseases
are a group of inherited metabolic disorders in which harmful amounts of fatty materials called lipids accumulate in some of the bodys cells and tissues
other name for Lipid storage diseases
to help treat pain (including bone pain) for patients with Fabry disease
The drugs phenytoin and carbamazepine may be prescribed
Glucocerebrosidase deficiency
Gaucher’s disease
Sphingomyelinase deficiency
Niemann – Pick’s disease
Alpha – galactosidase – A deficiency
Fabry’s disease
Ceramidase deficiency
Farber’s lipogranulomatosis
Beta – galactosidase deficiency - GM1
Beta – hexosaminidase deficiency
Tay – Sachs’ disease
Galactosylceramidase deficiency
Krabbe’s disease
Arylsufatase – A deficiency
Metachromatic leukodystrophy
Acid lipase deficiency
Wolman’s disease
Alpha – fucosidase deficiency
Lipid storage diseases are classified into different types according to?