APUSH Chapters 2-4

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James I
A charter was granted by ______, monarch of England, to a joint stock company to establish a mainland colony in North America in 1607.
A narrow zone that marks the geological boundary between an upland region and plain, distinguished by the occurrence of falls and rapids where rivers and streams cross it.
The geographic features in eastern North America known as the “Fall Line” refers to:
Investors in the Virginia Company were financially saved by _____, a commodity nicknamed brown gold.
Virginia House of Burgesses
The _____ was the first representative assembly to be established in the British colonies, and gave landholders some control over local political matters.
The English colony of ____ was envisioned as a religious refuge for Catholics.
The settlers in the colony of _____ intended to create a Biblical “City upon a hill” by having their colonial government enforced biblical law as well as English civil and criminal law.
Enslaved African Labor
The last decades of the 1600s saw a change in labor force in the Chesapeake colonies with the introduction of _____
The colony of _______ made religious qualifications as important as one’s sex or economic status in the colony’s political life.
Young women and girls, Salem Village
In 1692 a tragedy struck the colony of Massachusetts when a group of _____ living in ______ were accused of practicing witchcraft.
Mayflower Compact
The ________ was an agreement drafted in Plymouth colony in 1620 that served as an early framework of American government. It granted political rights to any man willing to abide by the agreement.
mound builder
Beginning about 3000 years ago, the Ohio and Mississippi Valleys became the home for a number of _____ societies, whose cities became trading and ceremonial centers that had enormous economic and social outreach.
Christopher Columbus explored on behalf of what country?
True or False: Native Americans in North America practiced settled agriculture and engaged in hunting during pre-Columbian times.
Find a route around or through it to access the riches of Asia
The primary goal of European exploration of the New World was to:
North America, Europe, and Africa
What were the three continents central to the Columbian Exchange?
Which region of Africa was home to most people who were captured, enslaved, and taken to the Western Hemisphere?
The separation of the Protestants from the Roman Catholic Church
The encomienda system was used by plantation owners and mine owners from what country?
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
The Spanish conquistador who led an expedition northward from Mexico in search of the rumored seven cities of gold.
In the process of colonization between 1545-1660, ______ became the richest nation in Europe.
The primary economic activity of Indian tribes in the eastern North America was ______
Saint Augustine, Spain
What was the first colonial city in the present-day United States and who was it founded by?
Independent fur traders who lived among the Indians and sold furs to the _____, were known as coureurs de bois,
Subsistence Farming
Cultivating only the necessary amount of food to provide for your family and nothing more to sell or trade.
True or False: In the 1600s, the French established settlements in Canada at Quebec and Montreal, both of which are located along the St. Lawrence River valley.
A large estate in Dutch New Netherlands
The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 was against the _____rule
Henry VIII
What British monarch’s desire for a male heir led to the creation of the Church of England?
Sir Walter Raleigh
English soldier and adventurers who attempted to establish a Virginia Colony
Henry Hudson
Dutch explorer who sailed up the Hudson in search of the Northwest Passage
Robert Cavalier, Sicur de La Salle
Explored the Mississippi all the way to the Gulf, and named the territory Louisiana
Pueblo Revolt
Indian Rebellion against Spanish authority in 1680- drove Spanish out of Mexico for a decade.
Creek Confederacy
Alliance of Indians living in the Southeast; formed after the spread of lethal European diseases to permit economic and military cooperation among survivors.
iroquois league
a league of Iroquois tribes including originally the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca
Printing Press
What invention spread Martin Luther’s 95 Theses?
Allowed the leader of a region to choose the religion of the entire region.
What did the Peace of Augsburg do in Germany?
Before your born your eternal destination has already been decided by God.
Nathaniel Bacon
Raised a vigilante army that attacked peaceful as well as hostile Indian villages.
Virginia Company
In 1603, King James I granted a charter to two joint stock companies, the first one quickly failed leaving only the ________
First permanent English settlement in mainland America
Head Right System
The grant of 50 acres of land for each settler brought over to Virginia,
George Calvert
Envisioned a new English colony in America for his fellow Catholics suffering from harassment.
Catholic-Founded colony
Every aspect of life in the Chesapeake colonies was shaped by ________.
Indentured Servants
People working out their compulsory service for a fixed period of time.
William Bradford
Led a group of religious separatist pilgrims to New England in 1620.
A Patuxet Indian who taught the Pilgrims survival techniques in America and acted as a translator.
The colonists of ______ created tight-knit farming villages and small seaport towns so they could watch each other and come together for prayer.
Given to a man in Massachusetts when he testified a moment of saving grace thereby giving him full political voice.
The government of which colony enforced biblical law as well as English civil and criminal law.
Pequot War
Conflict in 1636 in which the colonists of Massachusetts bay and Connecticut and their Indian allies destroyed the Pequot tribe.
Half Way Covenant
An agreement that gave partial membership in Puritan churches to the children of church members.
Charles II
What English monarch seized the vast stretch of Dutch-owned forest and farmland between the Chesapeake and New England?
Jacob Leisler
German merchant who led a revolt in New York in 1689 against royal officials representing the Dominion of New England.
William Penn
English Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania in 1681.
Which colony was known for its Quakers?
Carolina was meant to be a land of serfs and great landowners named _____
Charles Town / Charleston
What was the lavish town in South Carolina where plantation owners would spend their summers?
James Oglethorpe
Requested an English charter for a colony on the Florida border.
South Carolina would act as a protective buffer between the valuable rice of SC and Spanish-controlled Florida.
Why did King George II like the idea of a colony between Florida and South Carolina?
New England
Region with rocky inland- not good for farming, but good for fishing
New England
Region where colonists lived closely together
Fishing, Whaling, and Shipmaking
What were the economic activities of New England?
Chesapeake Bay Area
Region where colonists were more spread out and pushed deeper inland.
Grew export crops-tobacco and wheat
Economic Activity of Chesapeake Bay Area
New England
What region depended on the carrying trade?
Chesapeake Bay and Southern Colonies
Which two regions provided the bulk of agricultural exports to Great Britain?
Navigation Acts
Regulated Colonial Trade- colonists had to ship their products in English boats and were forbidden to manufacture some items.
Middle Pasage
Transatlantic voyage of the indentured servants or African slaves to the Americas.
What religion did Africans mostly practice?
Which religion was forced upon slaves and was used to justify their enslavement?
Business that sold auctioned slaves
The Enlightenment
A new intellectual movement in the late 1600’s that focused on reason and rational thinking rather than divine revelation.
Deism and Social Contract
What two aspects of Enlightenment thought were colonists drawn to?
Enlightenment thinker who created the ideas of deism and the social contract.
New England
Where did the Great Awakening start?
Jonathan Edwards
Wrote “Sinners at the Hand of an Angry God”
George Whitefield
Charismatic English preachers who made men and women cry during the Great Awakening
Men-drink, talk business Women-talk and go shopping Teenagers-mingled`````````````````````
What would men, women, and young adults do when they went into town to listen to Great Awakening preachers?
Treaty of Tordesillas
Treaty drawn up by the Pope that divided the New World between Spain and Portugal
6 Consequences of The Great Awakening
1. Confirms the importance of religious individualism 2. Preachers challenge clerical authority 3. National Unifying Experience 4. Anti-Intellectual Movement 5. Confirmed religious plurality 6. De-established the established Church