Bio Chapter 4
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The ability to do work
The type of energy stored in molecules
ATP is used by these
Bonds between phosphates
The ATP energy is stored in
The bond between the third phosphate is broken
ATP energy is released when
Adenine, ribose, 3 phosphate groups
ATP is made of
How many ATP molecules come from carbohydrates?
How many ATP molecules come from proteins?
How many ATP molecules come from lipids?
The carbon-based molecules your body breaks down for energy first
The carbon-based molecules your body breaks down for energy last
The body's immediate energy source
The body's stored energy source
Organisms that produce their own food
Organisms that eat other organisms for food
Used by autotrophs instead of photosynthesis
Chemicals from hydrothermal vents
Chemosynthesis involves this instead of the sun
Where are organisms that produce chemosynthesis found?
Equation for photosynthesis
Red and blue
The colors absorbed by chlorophyll
The color reflected by chlorophyll
stacks of thylakoids
Membranes in the chloroplast where light-dependent reactions take place
The liquid inside the chloroplast where light-independent reactions take place
The reaction that takes place inside the thylakoid
The type of energy that light-dependent reactions come from
Light-absorbing pigments in the chloroplast
The first photosystem
Water is split here to form an e- and H+. The e- travels through the ETC
The second photosystem
Electron Transport Chain
The place within the membrane the electron moves through
The energy from the electron in the ETC of the light-dependent reaction creates
During the light-dependent reaction, H+ move through this producing ATP
This is split during the light-dependent reaction to create an e- and H+
ATP & NADPH
The products from the ETC in photosynthesis, used in the light-independent reaction
The cycle in light-dependent reactions
Produced by the light-independent reaction
The cycle that occurs in the mitochondria matrix
equation for cellular respiration
Pyruvate, ATP, & NADH
products of glycolysis
Is glycolysis aerobic or anaerobic?
Does not require oxygen
How many ATP is produced during glycolysis?
where glycolysis occurs
Where the Krebs cycle occurs
In the mitochondria, pyruvate becomes this
FADH2 & NADH
What are the energy molecules made in the Krebs' Cycle?
How many ATP are produced during the Krebs' Cycle?
Inner mitochondrial membrane
The ETC for cellular respiration is here
How many ATP are produced total during cellular respiration?
Fermentation converts NADH to this to continue glycolysis
When there is no oxygen
When does fermentation occur?
Animals and bacteria
What organisms produce lactic acid during fermentation?
What organisms produce alcohol during fermentation?
How many ATP are produced during fermentation?
When a phosphate group is removed from ATP, it becomes this
E (Reaction name)
G (Product of LD reaction)
H (Product of LD reaction)
I (Product of LI reaction, recycled for use in LD reaction)
J (Product of LI reaction, recycled for use in LD reaction)
M (Reaction name)
N (Cycle name)
B (Reaction name)
C (Number of ATP released during glycolysis)
D (Pyruvate is converted to this)
E (Cycle name)
F (Number of ATP produced in Krebs cycle)
G (Gas released from glycolysis)
H (Product from Krebs cycle, used in ETC)
I (Product from Krebs cycle, used in ETC)
Electron Transport Chain
K (Reactant of ETC)
L (Number of ATP produced in ETC)
M (Product of ETC)