Elevated blood levels of this substance can cause gout (or gouty arthritis
An immune system problem may cause this type of arthritis:
Aging, obesity, irritation of the joints, muscle weakness, and wear and abrasion
Identify two risk factors for osteoarthritis
forcible wrenching or twisting of a joint that stretches or tears its ligaments but does not dislocate the bones
stretched or partially torn muscle or muscle and tendon
permit mainly side-to-side and back-and-forth gliding movements
movement is primarily flexion or extension in a single plane
Movement is rotational.
Ellipsoidal or Condyloid joint
movements are flexion-extension, abduction-adduction, and circumduction.
Movements include flexion and extension, abduction and adduction, and circumduction.
This type of joint is the most versatile as it allows movement in any axis. Movement includes flexion and extension, abduction and adduction, rotation, and circumduction.
What type of arthritis is an autoimmune disease?
What type of arthritis is a metabolic disease
What type of joint has the widest range of motion
What is the name and type of joint is between the mandible and mandibular fossa of the temporal bone?
Synovial Fluid in synovial membrane
reduces friction by lubricating the joint
supplying oxygen and nutrients to and removing carbon dioxide and metabolic wastes from the chondrocytes within articular cartilage.
Can you think of a body fluid with the consistency of egg white? Also, where do you find this fluid and what purpose does it serve?
which synovial joint has 13 bursae sacks
caused by the breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage of one or more joints.
Acute gouty arthritis:
caused by a defect in metabolism that results in an overproduction of uric acid or a reduced ability of the kidney to eliminate uric acid.
cause is unknown, infectious agents such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi have long been suspected, none has been proven as the cause
Joint disorder resulting when Lyme's disease or syphillis is untreated
Glenohumeral (shoulder) joint/ ball and socket joint
Type of joint between the head of the humerus and the glenoid cavity
The olecranon reduces friction when this joint moves
The prepatella reduces friction when this joint moves
Glenohumeral (Shoulder) Joint
The subacromial reduces friction when this joint moves
This joint contains both a lateral and medial meniscus
This type of arthritis is the result of EXCESS uric acid in the blood
This type of fibrous joint unites the bones of the skull
This joint contains articular discs (menisci) of fibrocartilage:
Synovial joint (The knee joint carries an infrapatellar fat pad)
This joint contains a pad of adipose tissue (fat pad):
Name the PIVOT joint formed by the odontoid process (dens) of the axis and the atlas
Elbow, Interphalangeal joints, and Knee joint
Which of the following joints can experience a hyperextension without injury?
What muscle ELEVATES the mandible
What muscle is important for closing the eye
What muscle closes and protrudes the lips, as in KISSING
What muscle offers the look of SMILING
What muscle offers the look of SURPRISE
What muscle is controlled by the TRIGEMINAL nerve?
What muscle inserts into the intertubercular sulcus of the humerus
What muscle has an ORIGIN including C7 and T1 - T12?
What muscle FLEXES the leg at the knee
What muscle inserts into the ILIOTIBIAL TRACT
What muscle inserts into the DELTOID TUBEROSITY of the humerus
this muscle plays an important role in suckling and whistling
this muscle plays an important role in depressing the mandible (OPENING the mouth):
this muscle plays an important role in SNARLING
this muscle plays an important role in POUTING
Facial (VII) nerve
cranial nerve that controls Buccinator
Facial (VII) nerve
cranial nerve that controls Platysma
Facial (VII) nerve
cranial nerve that controls Zygomaticus MINOR
Facial (VII) nerve
cranial nerve that controls Mentalis
Latissimus dorsi muscle
muscle sometimes called the "Swimmer's Muscle":
muscle important for shrugging your shoulders:
muscle whose insertion includes the iliotibial tract and gluteal tuberosity:
muscle important for rotating the head
muscle whose insertion includes the deltoid tuberosity of the humerus:
This organelle within the muscle fiber (cell) stores calcium ions until needed for contraction:
The origin of this muscle includes the xiphoid process; insertion is the central tendon. Contraction of this muscle leads to increased vertical dimension of thoracic cavity which in turn leads to INSPIRATION (inhalation)
This autoimmune disease of muscles leads to progressive muscle weakness and ultimate muscle paralysis
Accessory (XI) nerve, C2, and C3.
CRANIAL nerve that controls the muscle Sternocleidomastoid
Mandibular division of trigeminal (V) nerve
CRANIAL nerve that controls the muscle Masseter
What muscle letter is responsible for extending and hyper-extending the head
What muscle letter is responsible for flexing the head as when one prays
In the order of greatest to least amount, list the five (5) types of white blood cells (leukocytes)
Identify the allergy-related substance released by basophils
This condition results in an abnormal INCREASE in the number of erythrocytes and is considered a malignancy
This is a sex-linked genetic disorder manifested by the inability of blood to clot due to a defective or missing component in the coagulation cascade - the gene is carried by females but almost all afflicted are males:
The ideal pH for blood
inadequate iron in diet
cause of Iron-deficient Anemia
insufficient red blood cell production due to a deficiency in vitamin B12
cause of Pernicious Anemia
premature destruction of red blood cells
cause of Hemolytic Anemia
insufficient red blood cell production due to damaged bone marrow
cause of Aplastic Anemia
Insufficient Red Cell mass. A condition in which the oxygen carrying capacity of blood is reduced due to a decreased number of RBCs or a decreased amount of hemoglobin
a fast-growing cancer of the white blood cells that is most common in children under ten. Can overrun the body within a few weeks or months
An abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells - considered a malignancy
A condition characterized by abnormally low levels of platelets in the blood.
Slow-growing and progressively worsens over years. In chronic leukemia, the blood-forming cells eventually mature, or differentiate, but they are not "normal"
An elevated platelet count in blood would put a patient at high risk for:
Monocytes are the parent cell for this immune cell
This type of blood cell will survive for up to 120 days in the circulation
Can you (AB positive) donate blood to an individual who is AB negative?
Can you (O positive) donate blood to an individual who is B positive?
Can you (B negative) donate blood to an individual who is A positive?
Can you (AB negative) receive blood from an individual who is B positive?
Can you (B postive) receive blood from an individual who is AB negative?
A Positive, B Positive ,AB Positive, O Positive
If your blood type is O positive what blood types can you donate blood to?
O Negative, O Positive
If your blood type is O positive what blood types can you receive blood from?
B Positive, AB Positive, AB Negative
If your blood type is B negative what blood types can you donate blood to?
AB Positive, B Positive
If your blood type is B positive what blood types can you donate blood to?
B Negative, B Positive , O Negative, O Positive
If your blood type is B positive what blood types can you receive blood from?
This blood-based disorder or disease is often initially treated by bleeding the patient (bloodletting):
A LOW platelet count in blood would put a patient at high risk for which of the following disorders or problems:
This PHAGOCYTIC white blood cell (WBC) is the most common WBC in blood
This type of white blood cell includes natural killer cells:
Expected lifetime for an erythrocyte in the circulation:
Red blood cells without nuclei
Define what a RETICULOCYTE is:
5 to 9 days
The expected lifetime for a platelet in the circulation:
This drug can be used to dissolve a blood clot in an UNBROKEN blood vessel?
Name a natural substance that will improve or INCREASE the ability of blood to clot?
Name the LEAST common type of white blood cell in blood:
baby will develop Hemolytic disease of the newborn
If the mother has Rh negative blood while the fetus is Rh positive, what is the danger to the fetus?
What is the optimal pH (range) of blood?
5.5 liters in each adult male and 4.5 liters in female.
Based on your gender, how much blood should you have in your body?
Sickle cell anemia
an inherited disorder characterized by sickle-shaped red blood cells caused by mutant hemoglobin
What disease is bloodletting still used to treat and how would you recognize it?
clotting in an unbroken blood vessel
occur when the thrombus (blood clot) becomes a mobile embolus and migrates to another part of the body, interfering with blood circulation and hence impairing organ function downstream of the occlusion
Hemophilia is the disorder in which blood is not able to properly clot and is most likely to occur in males since it is genetic and is in the X chromosome. This means a female can have the hemophilia gene but since females have two X chromosomes the second one acts as a backup, but males only have one.
What is hemophilia and who is most likely to become affected?
also known as clotting, is the process by which blood changes from a liquid to a gel, forming a blood clot.