Art History First Exam Chap 1-4

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42 Terms
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Hallmark of the Neolithic Revolution
Agriculture (Seasons, seed stock, Irrigation System) Domestication of animals, Cuneiform, Money, & Bureaucracy
the destruction of art for the sole purpose of destroying the culture
What was the purpose of Cave Art?
Communication, Documentation, and Experimentation
What type of media did they use in Cave Art?
Red Ochre, Yello Ochre, Charcoal and Vegetation
The four types of Relief
High Relief, Low Relief, Ensizing, Sunken relief
High Relief
"the forms project at least half or more of their natural circumference from the background and may in parts be completely disengaged from the ground, thus approximating sculpture in the round" ex:
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Low Relief
The projection is slight compared to high relief | Bas relief
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The lines that make the beard on the bison is ensizing
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Sunken Relief
In this technique the sculptor chisels deep outlines below the stone's surface
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A tool, end of the spear for weight, makes it go faster
A projecting wall member used as a support for some element in the super structure | Newgrange, Ireland
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Post and Lintel system
a system of construction in which two posts support a lintel
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Ground Line
Strict Compositional Format (what they stand on)
Frieze (Registers)
an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
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A gift of gratitude
Hands and feet
always look to see what they indicate about the subject matter
Feet on bare ground
On hollow land
Hierarchy of Scale
The taller the person the more important that they are, smaller = not as important
What does a headdress indicate?
A person wearing a headdress means that they're in a powerful position and if it has horns then they are much more powerful and threatening
The Epic of Gilgamesh
First ever written literature by the Sumerians in Cuneiform
a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
Canon (Schematic)
Set of rules
historical marker
The two types of seals
Stamp and Cylinder
What is the importance of the Akkadian ruler?
First ruler, sovereign
How many legs does Lamassu have and what kind of relief is it?
5 legs and high relief
Narmer's Palette
one of the earliest labeled historical art
first recorded name of an artist anywhere in the world
Clear story
Window, let the light in
The first great female monarch whose name has been recorded as pharaoh for two decades
Ruler in Egypt who had their statue resemble them accurately therefore showing the consequence of inbreeding within Egyptian society
in his workshop had an unfinished sculpture of Nefertiti which included her head and bust
Harriet Boyd Hawes (1871-1945)
An American archaeologist & one of the first women of any nationality to direct a major excavation explored between 1901-1904
Spring Fresco
Most complete painting, largest prehistoric example of a pure landscape
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Komare Wares
Fully polycromatic
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What does the Snake Goddess represent and how was it made?
She represents being powerful over animals/nature, she is made with Faience, a low fire opaque glass like silicate
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Harvesters Vase
The first instance in the history of art, of a sculptor showing keen interest in the underlying muscular & skeletal structure of the human body, it's made out of steatite
hammered the shape of each mask from a single sheet of metal pushed the features out from behind
Funerary Mask
An example of repousse, first attempt at life-size sculpture in Greece
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Two Goddesses & a Child
The only ivory piece that was found, the way they got ivory was it being traded. *port cities = wealthy^
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