Starches and Sugars that provide short term energy to the body.
Fats that provide long term energy for the body. Lipids are important molecules that often make up membranes in the cell.
Proteins have many unique functions. Proteins repair and build body tissues, allow metabolic reactions to take place (enzymes), coordinate body functions such as waste removal, protect the body from pathogens (immune system).
Nucleic Acids carry the genetic blueprint for the cell and carry instructions for the function of the cell. (DNA & RNA).
Inputs of Photosynthesis (Reactants)
Carbon Dioxide, Water, Light Energy
Outputs of Photosynthesis (Products)
Inputs of Cellular Respiration (Reactants)
Outputs of Cellular Respiration (Products)
Carbon Dioxide, Water, ATP
The powerhouse of the cell. The mitochondria takes Oxygen and Glucose and turns it into ATP, or usable energy for the cell. (Plant and Animal).
The organelle responsible for converting Carbon Dioxide, Water and Light energy into Glucose and Oxygen for the cell. (Plants only).
Primarily composed of Phospholipids. The cell membrane is a semi-permeable bilayer.
The diffusion of water across a semi-permeable membrane.
Diffusion that requires a helper protein. Allows large or charged molecules to cross the cell membrane (water, glucose).
Low solute concentration/ high water concentration.
High solute concentration/low water concentration..
Equal solute/water concentration in solution and in cell.
Prevents the cell membrane from becoming too solid or too liquid.
Lipid Chemical Structure
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Carbohydrate Chemical Structure
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Protein Chemical Structure
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Nucleic Acid Chemical Structure
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorous
Lipid, Carbohydrate, Protein, Nucleic Acid
Monomer of Protein
Polymer of Protein
Monomer of Carbohydrate
Polymer of Carbohydrate
Monomer of Nucleic Acid
Random movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentration (oxygen, carbon dioxide).
Diffusion, Facilitated Diffusion, Osmosis. Requires no energy from the cell to complete.
Required during Facilitated Diffusion. Proteins span the cell membrane and allow large or charged molecules across the cell membrane. (Aquaporin, Ion Channel, Glycoproteins, Carrier Proteins).
Cells must maintain stable internal conditions. All living cells have mechanisms that allow them to control the internal environment.