Quiz 7 Prep
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intracellular fluid (icf)
70% of water in body, within cells
extracellular fluid (ecf)
30% of body water, outside cells
loss of water from body/tissues
minerals in your body that carry electric charge
a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
the dissolved matter in a solution; the component of a solution that changes its state
solvent passes from area of LOW concentration to HIGH concentration
concentration of particles in a solution (it's pulling power)
taking place with normal concentration(muscle), solution that contains the same concentration of water and solutes as the intracellular fluid
greater osmolarity than plasma (fluid with higher concentration)
less osmolarity than plasma (fluid w lower concentration)
movement of particles from HIGHER concentration to LOWER concentration
hormone that stimulates the absorption of sodium in kidneys (regulates water to salt balance in kidneys)
edema scale- how many levels?
what is RAAS Scale?
scale that assesses the level of sedation in pt, 10 levels
1lb of water in body is how many kg?
what is a fluid fluid deficit
what is an excess of fluid
NCLEX Q: what types of labs are typically done to determine hypovolemia?
urine gravity test, hemoglobin (looking for a decrease), elevated BUN, serum electrolytes (blood test), nemocrat. blood test; DON'T NEED TO KNOW ALL
intracellular vs extracellular: which takes up 2/3 of body fluid?
example of extracellular fluid:
plasma or blood
T/F: oral care stimulates appetite/thirst
parenteral fluid therapy determines what?
rate of fluid administration
what is low sodium called? What are its normal ranges?
Hyponatremia: 135-145 (MeQ/L)
what is high sodium called? what is it's cause?
Hypernatremia, heat stroke or excessive sweating
what is too much potassium? What is its normal range?
Hypokalemia: 3.5-5 (MeQ/L)
what is too little potassium? What is it's cause?
Hyperkalemia, renal failure or kidney failure
what is MeQ/L?
milliequivalents per liter
what is too much calcium? What is its normal range?
Hypocalcemia: 8.6-10.2 (mg/dl)
what is too much calcium and its causes?
Hypercalcemia: hyperthyroidism/bone loss/renal issues
what is low magnesium and its normal range?
Hypomagnesia: 1.3-2.3 (mg/dl)
what is high magnesium and its causes?
Hypermagnesia: renal failure, DKA (diabetes)
what is high phosphorus and its normal ranges?
Hypophosphatemia: 2.5-4.5 (mg/dl)
what is high phosphorus and its causes?
Hyperphosphatemia: excessive vit.D, chemo, renal failure
Infiltration vs Infection (of IV): what is the main difference
infection has discharge while infiltration does not
Term for IV infection
what is term for too much IV fluid
normal PH range
7.35-7.45 (perfect medium 7.4)
HCO3 (bicarbonate) range
subcutaneous injections- what angle?
intravenous injections- what angle?
intramuscular injections- what angle?
what is the largest needle size?
how much fluid can go into a intramuscular shot?
how much fluid can be given in a subcutaneous injection?
what type of solution is saline?
spiritual assessment: what does HOPE stand for
Hope, Organized religion, Personal spiritual practice, Effects on medical care
what age can a person start having religions beliefs
sexual assessment: what does BETTER stand for
Bring up topic, Explain your concern, Tell pt sexual dysfunction can happen, Timing (private setting not group), Educate, Record data
T/F: Chlamydia is a viral infection
Fully compensated vs un-compensated:
fully is opposite but with normal ranges, un-compensated is normal PH but abnormal other data
what is normal compensation?
all numbers in normal range
what is fully compensated?
what is uncompensated?
PCo2 or HCO3 are in normal range
quid pro quo
something for something; that which a party receives in return for something he does or gives or promises
what triggers psychological drive for thirst?
decreased blood volume and intracellular dehydration
which electrolytes regulate the parathyroid gland?
phosphorus and calcium
cardiac irregularities are a sign of what imbalanced electrolyte?
potassium or sodium
saline solution is what % LR and normal saline
what nurse intervention would work for signs of pre-phlebitis?
a warm compress