Unit 4 History Test
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The economic and political domination of a strong nation over a weaker nation
Imperial power that allows local leaders to rule, while protecting the nation from invasion
The idea that English-speaking nations would dominate the world
A type of writing that exaggerated stories to attract readers
Document that allowed Cuba to remain independent and the U.S. to build naval bases
Sphere of Influence
Areas of China where foreign nations controlled economic development
Open Door Policy
Promoted open trade in China for all nations
A group that wanted to rid China of foreign influence by armed action
Great White Fleet
Navy expedition that took a world tour to show off the U.S. fleet and power
U.S./GB treaty that gave the U.S. the right to build a canal through Central America
Pledge to prevent foreign influence in Central America
President Taft's policy of using money instead of bullets to protect the western hemisphere
People with ideas to fix the problems of American society
Journalists who investigated social conditions and political corruption
Laws banning the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol
Group formed to promote the interests of African-Americans
The right to vote
Prohibited the manufacturer, sale, and consumption of alcohol
Gave women the right to vote
Led a military expedition to Japan to open trade
Leader of Hawaii who resisted annexation
Wrote a book about sea power, attempted to increase American influence on the seas
Henry Cabot Lodge
Pushes the senate to construct a large navy
A writer who has committed to Cuba's independence
William Randolph Hearst
Owner of NY Journal, used yellow journalism to attract readers
Owner of NY World, used yellow journalism to attract readers
Led the "rough riders" up San Juan Hill during the Spanish-American war
President during the Spanish-American war, assassinated by an anarchist
U.S. Secretary of State who promoted the Open Door Policy in China
Wrote a book describing the poor working conditions in U.S. packing plants
Served as U.S. president during World War l
Wrote a book describing the poor working conditions of American cities
Describe how the U.S. gained Alaska and Hawaii:
William Seward bought Alaska for $7.2 million and we annexed Hawaii in 1898 to avoid tariffs
Why did the Spanish-American war start?
The Cubans unsuccessfully rebelled against Spanish rule
How did yellow journalism escalate the U.S. war effort?
It gave false information, so it helped push the U.S. and Spain into war
Describe the impact of the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine:
The ship blew up the harbor of Havana and more than 260 men were killed
Where was the Spanish-American war fought?
The Philippines and Cuba
Provisions of the Treaty of Paris:
British recognition of the U.S. and the declination of boundaries that would allow for western expansion
What happened to Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Phillippines after the war?
Puerto Rico and the Philippines were bought by the U.S. and Cuba became independent
The boxer rebellion and its outcome on China:
It was a group that wanted to rid China of foreign influence by armed action; China was dominated by European nations
What were two events that signaled America's rise to being a world power in the 1900s?
1) Treaty of Portsmouth 2) Construction of the Panama Canal
How did the U.S. gain the land to build the Panama canal?
They negotiated the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
3 factors that motivated the U.S. to become an imperialist nation:
1) Desire for military strength 2) Thirst for new markets 3) Belief in cultural superiority
The process of the building of the Panama canal:
The French unsucessfully attempted to build it and then the U.S. took over and it took over 10 years, $380 million, took over 40,000 people and about 5,600 died
How did Henry Ford's assembly line change America?
His innovation reduced the time it took to build a car
Pros of the rise of American imperialism:
Paved the way for global modernization, global defense support, industrialization
Cons of the rise of American imperialism:
Political feud, discrimination, takes a considerable amount of money
2 problems faced by African-Americans during the Progressive Era:
Poverty, weren't allowed to vote
Roosevelt's plan for America:
Reasons Europeans were immigrating to America:
Better life, jobs, land, poor conditions back home
How was the boxer rebellion put down?
From what country did the U.S. purchase Alaska from?
3 areas gained by the U.S. after the Spanish-American war:
Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines
Panama Canal used these to raise and lower ships:
Why did the U.S. annex Hawaii?
What Cuban naval base was gained by the U.S.?
Roosevelt negotiated a treaty between these two countries:
Russia and Japan
Henry Ford sold this car for $800:
First motion picture (movie) made in America:
Great Train Robbery
Direct election of senators
Collect income taxes