chapter 5 flashcards (MAIN ONES)
undefined | undefined
Report Flashcard set
😃 Not studied yet (65)
Star these 65
a giant molecule (molecule = multiple elements), one which contains a large number of covalently connected atoms
amino acids lipids carbohydrates nucleic acids
four types of macromolecules (A, L, C, N)
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical building blocks LINKED BY COVALENT BONDS
polymers are made up of smaller units called __________
monomers are connected to make macromolecules through a c________ or d__________ reaction
a reaction in which two molecules combine to form one molecule through the loss of a small molecule (use the one that starts with C)
when polymers are broken up/digested to monomers, this process is known as
GLad i have GAllons of RIpe FRUit juice helps you remember...
glucose galactose ribose fructose
name the monosaccharides in order of the saying used to remember them (glad...)
glucose + glucose =
glucose + galactose =
glucose + fructose =
DIana wants to SUCk on a MALT but can't bc shes LACTOSE intolerant helps you remember the
sucrose maltose lactose
name the disaccharides in order of the saying used to remember them (diana...)
monosaccharide disaccharide polysaccharide
three types of carbohydrates? (m d p)
if you join 72 monosaccharides together to create a polysaccharide you get ho wmany water molecules?
if we break apart a polymer of sugar that is 5420 molecules, how many water molecules do we need to break it apart?
poly lives in a cell with her kitten, eats starch which she stores as glycogen helps you remember what
cellulose chitin glycogen starch
name the polysaccharides (ce, ch, g, s)
what is the one trait that all lipids have in common? they are __________
What is the polysaccharide used by animals to store glucose?
Which polysaccharide makes up the exoskeleton of insects?
Which monosaccharide is the sweetest?
Sugars all end with what three letter ending?
___________ are the main source of energy for the body
What is the monomer of carbohydrates?
fats phospholipids steroids
name the types of lipids (f, p, s)
is glycerol a lipid?
glycerol fatty acids
fats are made up of g________ and f______ a_______
fats are made when 3 fatty acids bond to glycerol through a dehydration reaction and form an _______ linkage
remember ester the wonder ______ because these animals have a lot of at
how many fatty acids in fat?
how many fatty acids in phospholipids?
what is a major component of the plasma membrane (also known as the phospholipid bilayer)
what are lipids characterized by a carbon skeleton consisting of 4 fused rings?
what is used for structural support, storage, transport of other substances, signaling, movement, defense against foreign substances, and enzyme activity
the linear sequence of amino acids in a peptide/protein
the three dimensional form of local segments of protein
the overall three dimensional strcture resulting from folding and covalent cross linking of a protein
the association of 2 or more polypeptide chains into a multisubunit or oligomeric protein
tertiary structure: still folding or done folding?
what is made up of monomers called nucleotides?
the purines are __________ and ___________ (AG)
cytosine uracil thymine
the pyrimidines are _________, ____________, and _________ (CUT)
ribose sugar contains _ (number) more oxygen atom
anything that is a hexagon or pentagon is probably a _______
a long hydrocarbon chain is probably going to be a ____
n and 2 h's is probably a(n)...
what are the 2 types of nucleic acids? ___ and ___
cytosine thymine adenine guanine
nucleic acids, DNA, bases... name them (C T A G)
if it's a double ring...
sugar that is DNA
nucleotides are joined by covalent bonds called ____________ linkages
how many bonds between A and T?
how many bonds between G and C? (rhyme)
in DNA, A codes for
in DNA, G codes for
in RNA, A codes for
in RNA, C codes for
cytosine uracil adenine guanine
nucleic acids... Rna... bases (C U A G)
sugar that is RNA
what bond is in between the nitrogenous bases?