Chapter #5 Forming a Government

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US history

38 Terms
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George Washington
Served as President of the Constitutional Convention and first President of the United States
Daniel Shays
Revolutionary War Veteran Head of Shay's Rebellion Led several other angry farmers violently protested against debtor's jail
John Jay
First chief justice of the Supreme Court One of the writers of The Federalist Papers
Ben Franklin
Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention at age 80' Delegate from Pennsylvania
Alexander Hamilton
One of the writers of The Federalist Papers Founder of the Federalist party He was the New York delegate to the Constitutional Convention A famous musical on Broadway about him is now a sell-out show!
James Madison
"Father of the Constitution" Federalist leader 4th President of the United States
Roger Sherman
He helped draft The Great Compromise (Connecticut Plan) that determined how states would be represented in Congress
Patrick Henry
"Give me Liberty or Give me Death!" Anti-federalist (the new Constitution did not guarantee certain freedoms)
Edmund Randolf
Governor of Virginia Proposed The Large State (Virginia Plan) at the Constitutional Convention
John Locke
English philosopher during The Enlightenment who argued that people have natural rights
A meeting of delegates in Philadelphia
A tax on imported goods
A document which spells out the principles and laws by which a government runs
the right to vote
an alliance of republics or states
Supporters of the Constitution
A change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
Northwest Land Ordinance
Dealt with the land in the future states of OH, IN, IL, MI, WI, and MN This divided land into 6-mile x 6-mile townships Provided for the building of public schools in each new township Slavery was outlawed in any new states north of the Ohio River
People who were AGAINST the Constitution These people wanted STATES to keep their power People who feared the new Constitution did not guarantee enough RIGHTS or freedoms!
Bill of Rights
The First 10 amendments to the Constitution
To approve or formally ok something 9/13 states were needed to approve the new Constitution
3/5 Compromise
The agreement at the Constitutional convention to count slaves as 3/5 of a person for the purpose of deciding the population and determining how many seats each state would have in Congress
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Popular Sovereignty
This means that the people (the "populous") are free (or "sovereign") to vote and govern themselves
Checks and Balances
A system that divides each branch of government to keep their powers equal
The New Jersey Plan
The proposal by the small states at the Constitutional Convention Called for 3 branches of government Called for equal representation of each state (1 vote) in Congress, regardless of the state's population. This plan allowed STATES to keep most of the power
The Virginia Plan
"Large state" plan for the new constitution; favored by the most populous states Called for 3 branches of government Called for representation in both houses of Congress to be based on a state's population
The Connecticut Plan
"The Great Compromise" plan The plan was acceptable to both large and small states
Magna Carta
Require British monarchs to obey the same laws as their people
The Virginia Statute
The first state law to give religious freedom and separation of church and state to its people
Post-Revolutionary War Debt
Money owed to other countries and creditors after the American Revolution Solutions Were These: 1. Sell land in the NW Territory 2. Collect property taxes 3. Tax imported goods
Constitutional Convention
A meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 A meeting to REVISE the Articles of Confederation
New York City
First capital of the United States President Washington governed the new United States from NYC - the first nation's capital
John Adams
America's first Vice-President America's second President
The Federalist Papers
A series of 85 essays written by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay Written under the penname "publius" Published in newspapers and used to convince readers to adopt the new constitution
English Bill of Rights
Required English monarchs to get the ok of parliament when making decisions The first use of checks and balances
The Iroquois League
A political confederation of five Native American tribes (the Seneca, Oneida, Mohawk, Cayuga, and Onondaga) Served as a model of representative government for the new United States
Articles of Confederation
The first constitution of the United States Problems: 1. States only had 1 vote 2. No national currency $ 3. No president/executive 4. No national court system