Constitution Test Review

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85 Terms
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Judicial Branch
Supreme court, interpret laws
Executive Branch
President, enforce laws
Shared powers between federal & state governments
Amendment Process
Allows the government to change when need be.
Article 6
Supremacy clause, the federal government is the supreme law of the land, or not.
House of Reps structure
# of reps per state is dependent on a states population.
2 per state
House of Reps qualifications
Age - 25 Citizenship - 7 years Residency - Live in the district/state
Senate qualifications
Age - 30 Citizenship - 9 years Residency - live in the state
Legislative Branch
Congress, make laws
House of Rep Term Lengths
2 years - unlimited term length
Senate Term Lengths
6 years - unlimited term lengths
Congress Powers
Declare War Taxes Coin money Interstate Commerce Regulate Trade Immigration
Enumerated Powers
Powers that are clearly listed in the Constitution
Implied Powers
Powers that have derived from the Necessary & proper Clause - military draft
How a bill becomes a law
Step 1, bill must pass through both houses of Congress with a simple majority vote. Step 2, Bill must be signed into Law by the President
Power of the Purse
Bills that involve money need to pass through the House of Reps first.
impeachment charges, brought by the house of reps (simple majority)
Executive Branch structure
President, VP, Cabinet members, Executive Agencies, government corporations, US Military
Executive Branch Qualifications
Age - 35 Natural born citizen Residency - 14 years
President's military role
Commander in Chief
Chief Executive
Enforce/carry out laws
Chief Legislator
Sign bills into law
Chief Diplomat
Represents America overseas
Head of State
Image of our nation both here and abroad
Economic Planner
Required that they prepare an annual budget
Party Leader
They are the head of the Political Party
Appointment Powers of the Pres
Hiring and firing, usually needs Senate Approval
Pardoning Power
Release people of a legal Punishment
Military Powers
Make military decisions
Congress military powers
Declares war
President military powers
Use military troops/weapons to prevent a crisis under emergency
Making treaties
NEEDS Senate Approval
Executive Agreement
No Senate approval on a treaty
Convene Congress
Call Congress to a meeting (State of the Union)
Veto Power
Kill bills, stop Legislation
12th Amendment
Led to the direct election of the President & VP
20th Amendment
Inauguration day moved up to Jan 20th
22nd Amendment
President can only serve two terms.
23rd amendment
Washington DC gets (3) Electoral Votes
25th Amendment
Presidential Succession Act, who takes over upon the death or Resignation of the president.
Vice Presidential Powers
President of the Senate The tie breaking vote on Legislation Advise the President Count Electoral Votes on Jan. 6th Represent the President overseas
Judicial Branch
Interprets the law
Structure of Supreme Court
9 justices
Supreme Court Qualifications
No age, citizenship, or residency qualifications. Must be appointed by the president, then approved by the US Senate
Supreme Court Term lengths
Life term
Judicial Activism
Having a more liberal take on things, taking on controversial issues.
7th Amendment
Right to a jury in public trials
Judicial Restraint
Interpreting the Constitution as it was written in 1789 - a more conservative approach.
the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do
Judicial Review
The Courts power to declare laws + actions of the President as UNCONSTITUTIONAL
When the Supreme Court rules on a case, that ruling becomes an example for all lower courts to follow.
Popular Sovereignty
the People have control over the government
4th Amendment
Freedom from unusual searches and seizures
The gov't power is shared between federal, state, and local gov't's
When should you display the American Flag?
From sunrise to sunset, it must be illuminated after dark.
Should you display the flag in bad weather?
Not unless it's an all weather flag.
Should you let the flag touch the ground?
What shape should the flag be folded into?
A triangle
Red on the flag means...
Blue on the flag means...
White on the flag means...
Stars on the flag represent...
Blue portion of the flag..
the UNION of all 50 states
10th Amendment
Powers reserved to the states
The stripes on a flag represent...
13 original colonies.
How Judicial checks legislative branch
Declare laws unconstitutional to congress
8th Amendment
Freedom from cruel or unusual punishments.
6th Amendment
Right to a quick and public trial
How Legislative checks the Executive...
Override a veto or IMPEACH a president.
How the Executive checks the Judicial
Get to nominate judges
How the Executive checks the Legislative
Can veto a bill.
Checks and Balances
Each of the three branches (judicial, legislative, executive), has the power to check the other branches.
Veto Bills
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
Can judge things that are unconstitutional
Can impeach
How the Legislative checks Judicial...
Have to approve judges/justices that the president appoints.
Limited Government
Government shouldn't be too powerful. Can't govern all aspects of our lives.
1st Amendment
Freedom of speech, religion, press, and petition
Soldiers cannot stay in your house
How Judicial checks Executive branch
Declare presidential acts unconstitutional
5th Amendment
Right to remain silent
9th Amendment
Citizens entitled to non-specific rights, not listed in the Constitution
Separation of Powers
Powers are shared between different governments