Explain the difference in use of object pronouns (me, you, him…), possessive determiners (my, your, his…) and possessive pronouns (mine, yours, his…)
What is the difference between central and peripheral adjectives?
Central adjective has to fulfill this criteria:
Can be inflicted
Can be both predicative and attributive
They are descriptive
They are gradable
(e.g. surprising - peripheral because can’t be inflicted although is both predicative (the gift is surprising) and attributive (surprising gift), descriptive (describes a noun e.g. surprising gift) and gradable (a bit surprising, very surprising, the most surprising)
Peripheral adjectives don’t fulfill one or more of the criteria
Therefore, the difference between central and peripheral adjectives is that peripheral adjectives don’t have one or more of the central adjective characteristics.
Give some examples of adjectives used attributively and predicatively. ????????Adjectives with a- prefix are usually… attributive or predicative?
Attributive (a nice man, an evil witch, a malicious virus)
Predicative (a man who is nice, a witch who is evil, a virus that is malicious)
Explain and illustrate the three ways of forming new adjectives: participial forms, derivational suffixes, compounding.
Participle forms - adjectives are derived from verbs and usually end in -ed or -ing (reading glasses, baked beans, broken table)
Derivational suffixes - adjectives are derived from nouns by adding a suffix like -ish, -al, -ly, -like, -ous, -ary, -ic, -less, and ful (normally, tasteless, gastric etc.)
Compounding - adjectives are made by putting two words together (fast-paced, well-known, quick-witted)
What are the main rules for the adjective order in groups of adjectives? In paired adjectives?
List the syntactic roles that adjectives can take. Give some examples and explain the syntactic structures involved.
What are the main morphological categories of adverbs? Give some examples.
What are the main syntactic functions of adverbs? Give some examples of adverbials of time, frequency, place, direction, and manner.