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Ethics and Pro. Devel. Exam 1

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59 Terms
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ethics
a systematic study of rules of conduct behavior that guides behavior
ethics
refelct societal values, morals, and norms. determines what is and is not acceptable
professional ethics
articulate the duties that members of the discipline have. based on the beliefs and values that a profession supports
code of ethics
serves as a guide for individual practitioners and for a profession
century
history of OT dates back a _____________
millennia
history of ethics dates back a ______________
ancient world. medieval europe, the enlightenment
what three eras were a contribution to OT?
ancient world
this religion has provided guidance regarding appropriate behavior
ancient China
influence of Taoism; examples of ethical principles of society
ancient Greek
influence of Hippocrates and Socrates; Hippocratic Oath, teachings of Socrates on values and beliefs
medieval Europe
this religious era established rules and standards of work; an early example of using values as an aspirational guide for behavior
the Enlightenment
this religious period believed that people could improve the state of humankind
knowledge, freedom, happiness
what were the goals humans were thought to be?
occupational therapy code of ethics
referred to as "the code"
preamble, core values, principles, standards of conduct, and appendices
what are the 5 main components of the code of ethics?
2020
when was the most recent revision done to the code of ethics?
7
how many revisions have been done to the code of ethics?
complaint and investigation
OT practitioners who do not adhere to code of ethics are subject to a process of _____________ and _____________.
dismissal, fine, disciplinary actions
list the three possible results of an investigation
reprimand
a formal expression of disapproval that is communicated privately
censure
a formal expression of disapproval that is publicly reported
probation
continued membership is conditional
suspension
removal of association membership for a specified period of time
revocation
permanent denial of association membership
NBCOT
certification program for OTs
1930s
when did AOTA establish the certification program for OTs
1986
AOTA transferred responsibility for certification of OT practitioners to the American Occupational Therapy Certification Board
SRBs
have the legislative authority to license OT practitioners
regulate the practice of OT and protect public from injury
what is the purpose of licensure
AOTA
professional organization (national)
ALOTA
Alabama Occupational Therapy Association- state
NBCOT
board certification (national)
SRB
licensure board; Alabama state board of occupational therapy
morals
standards of right and wrong; how we judge
ethical dilemma
situations where there are no clear definitions of right and wrong
ethical distress
occurs after facing a dilemma and made a choice based on your values
provides aspiration core values that guide OT personnel and delineates ethical principles and standards of conduct
what are the two purposes of the code?
altruism, equality, freedom, justice, dignity, truth, prudence
what are the seven core values of the code
altruism
unselfish concern for the welfare of others
equality
all individuals have fundamental human rights and the right to the same opportunities
freedom
valuing each person's right to exercise autonomy and demonstrate independence, initiative, and self-direction
justice
provide OT services for all persons in need of services; maintaining a goal-directed and objective relationship with recipients of service
dignity
valuing, promoting, and preserving the inherent worth and uniqueness of each person
truth
be faithful to facts and reality
prudence
governing and disciplining oneself through the use of reason
beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, justice, veracity, fidelity
list the six principles of the code of ethics
beneficence
demonstrate a concern for the well-being and safety of persons; taking action to promote good, prevent harm, and remove harm
nonmaleficence
refrain from actions that cause harm
autonomy
respect the right of the person to self-determination, privacy, confidentiality, and consent
negative autonomy
right to be left alone; free from interference of others to act autonomously
positive autonomy
act autonomously and have access to the means necessary to carry out ones actions
justice
promote equity, inclusion, and objectivity in the provision of OT services
veracity
provide comprehensive, accurate, and objective information when representing the profession
fidelity
treat all clients, colleagues, and other professionals with respect, fairness discretion, and integrity
appendix A
revision for AOTA 2020 occupational therapy code of ethics, reorganized the code by dividing the 2015 code into 5 parts
appendix B
history of AOTA code of ethics
1975, 1973
when was the first official AOTA ethical code established? when did work begin to establish it?
HIPAA
health insurance portability and accountability act of 1996
1977 (november)
when was the code first distributed?