0.0(0) Reviews
Report Flashcard set

Spaced Repetition

spaced repetition





Practice Test



38 Terms
😃 Not studied yet (38)
pathogen transmission cycle (5)
reservoir, exit, transmission, infection, susception
standard precautions (6)
barriers, hand hygiene, sharps, soiled patient care equipment, respiratory hygiene, misc
types of transmissions (4)
contact, airborne, droplet, vector
contact precautions (and which diseases)
gown and gloves (no mask) -MRSA, C diff, lice, scabies, impetigo
droplet precautions (and which diseases)
mask only -mumps, meningitis, strep A (for strep A use gown and gloves if lesions are present)
airborne precautions (and which disease)
mask only -TB, measles
vector precautions (and which diseases)
(airborne plus contact) mask, gown, and gloves -chickenpox, herpes zoster, COVID
when should hand hygiene should be performed?
-before and after all patient contact -after sneezing, coughing, nose blowing -before/after removing gloves -before/after eating
how long should you wash your hands?
30 seconds, longer if you've come in contact with body fluids or wounds
order of PPE application (donning)
gown, mask, glasses, gloves
order of PPE application (doffing)
gloves, glasses, gown, mask
when should vital signs be taken?
while patient is at rest
what can affect vital signs?
physical activity, temperature outside, age, emotional status, if a disease or illness is present
normal pulse range
60-100 beats
normal body temp
96.8 - 99.3 degrees F (98.6 being the average)
normal blood pressure
120/80 or less
normal oxygen (O2) saturation
95% - 100%
blood pressure: top number is called ? bottom number is called?
systolic, diastolic
how is pain assessed?
-describe the pain (dull, sharp, burning, deep) -assess the pain (onset, pattern, location, radiates or spreads, scale of 1-10)
where is the most common body parts to take pulse? (2)
radial and carotid arteries
where is the most common body part to take body temp? where is the most accurate body part for body temp?
-mouth -rectum
what is hypertension?
high blood pressure, above 140/90
what is hypotension?
low blood pressure, below 90/60
what is the Valsalva phenomenon?
a way of breathing that builds up pressure in the chest, which increases blood pressure and decreases heart rate -plug your nose and close your mouth and breathe out really hard
what can happen from the Valsalva maneuver?
-CVA (stroke) or death
how do we drape patients?
with only the treated area or body part exposed
bony prominences in supine position
occipital tuberosity, spine of scapula, inferior angle of scapula, vertebral spinous process, sacrum, medial epicondyle of humerus, olecranon process, greater trochanter, head of fibula, posterior calcaneus, lateral malleolus (if in external hip rotation)
body prominences in side-lying
lateral ear, lateral ribs, lateral acromion process, lateral head of humerus, medial or lateral epicondyle of humerus, greater trochanter, medial and lateral condyle of femur, lateral malleolus, fifth metatarsal
when should a red area of skin return to normal?
within an hour
rationale for proper positioning
-prevents soft tissue injury -provides comfort -provides support/stability -provides access/exposure to areas that need to be treated -promotes efficient function -relieves pressure
examples of restraints
-wrist/ankle straps -tightly wrapped bed sheet that constrains upper/lower extremities -straight jacket -bed rails
how long should you position a patient for?
no more than 30 min
precautions with positioning
-avoid clothing/linen folds underneath patient -observe skin color of bony prominences -protect bony prominences -avoid placing extremities off of the bed -use caution when positioning patients who are confused, mentally incompetent, comatose, or paralyzed
rationale for draping
-provides modesty -helps maintain comfortable body temp -provides exposure to area that needs to be treated -protects patient's skin/clothes from being damaged
how much work is the patient doing in minimum assist, moderate assist and maximum assist?
-min A - 75% -mod A - 50% -max A - 25%
NWB is what?
non-weight bearing
PWB is what?
partial weight bearing
FWB is what?
full weight bearing