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Liberty, Equality, Power Chapter 21 Quiz Review, APUSH LEP 21, Liberty, Equality, Power: Chapter 21 Flash Cards

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196 Terms
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What are the Three C's of the Square Deal
Conservation, Control corporations, and Consumer protection
What are the five principals of Wilson's "New Freedom"
Tariff reform, reform banks, control corporations, restore competition, and promote unions
First state to allow women to vote
Wyoming
Party that fought for women's suffrage
Progressive Party
How many times did Eugene debs run for president
Five
The Progressive Movement paved the way for what ideology.
Liberalism
Who were two important women in the settlement house concept.
Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr
Name of the book by Upton Sinclair that exposed issues in the meat packing industy
The Jungle
Teddy Roosevelt's view of the Presidency
Use as much power as needed and that is allowed by the Constitution
Taft's view of the Presidency
Teddy used too much power
What is a "Good Trust"
Any trust that offers a fair price to the consumers
Famous magazine of the Progressive Era
McClure's Magazine
Were immigrants pro or anti Prohibition
anti-prohibition
Union that wanted to unite workers and overthrow Capitalism
IWW
True of false: Progressivism took inspiration from Socialism
True
What is an Initiative
Gives the people law making power, allows them to create petitions to create new laws.
What is a referendum
Questions that are placed on a ballot for the people to vote on
What is a Recall
Allows voters to "recall" their decision in political elections
What was the plan called that brought progressivism to a statewide level
the Wisconsin Idea
Who created this plan
Robert LaFollette
Who did Roosevelt pick as his running mate in order to separate him from NY politics
McKinley
Who has the nickname "trust buster"
Teddy Roosevelt
Another name for the Progressive Party
The Bull-Moose Party
Main reason Wilson was able to win
Split in the Republican Party (conservatives v. progressives)
First workmen's comp. law
Kern-McGillicuddy Act
What was the Keating-Owen Act
prohibited the interstate sale of goods produced in factories that employed children under the age of 14
Who wrote the "History of the Standard Oil Company"
Ida Tarbell
Leader of the IWW
Big Bill Haywood
Another name for a secret ballot
Australian ballot
Key words of the Sherman Antitrust Act
Restraint of trade is illegal
Teddy became the first president to support strikers when he backed...
Coal miners in Pennsylvannia
Candidate whose plan was known as New Nationalism
Teddy R.
Candidate whose plan was known as New Freedom
Woodrow Wilson
Define Socialism
Redistribution of wealth from the rich to the poor
Where was the Hull House
Chicago
In which groups did the idea of reform originate in?
Journalists, settlement houses, and young / female middle-class protestants
Who were muckrakers?
Journalists who published stories exposing the corruption of business and politics.
Who coined the term muckraker?
Theodore Roosevelt
Popular progressive magazine
McClure Magazine
Ida Tarbell was a muckraker. Who did she publish stories on?
Standard Oil and Rockefeller
Lincoln Steffen was a muckraker. What did he publish stories on?
Bribery in municipal governments
George Kibble Turner was a muckraker. What did he publish stories on?
Prostitution and separation
Who founded the Hull House?
Jane Addams (and Ellen Gates Starr)
Who was Florence Kelley?
She was an advocate for improving the lives of women and children. She made made nurseries, a small bank, a baby clinic, an employment bureau, playgrounds, and social club. She became a factory inspector.
Addams thought the sexual revolution would lead to what?
Prostitution
Addams also supported
Temperance
Social clubs
tried to improve lives for men and women with a focus on female concerns
Difference between Socialism and Progressivism
Socialists wanted to cede control of society to the workers, while Progressives wanted to make their lives better. All Socialists were Progressives, but not all Progressives were Socialists. Progressives wanted to tame American capitalism but they wanted to keep its structure.
Founder and Leader of The Socialist Party
Eugene Debs
What publication by muckraker Upton Sinclair led to the passing of the Pure Food and Drug Act / Meat Inspection Act?
The Jungle
Popular socialist publication
Appeal to reason
Where was the city commissioner system first developed?
Galveston, Texas
Initiative
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.
Referendum
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
Recall
procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office
17th Amendment
Direct election of senators
16th Amendment
Allows the federal government to collect income tax
18th Amendment
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
19th Amendment (1920)
Gave women the right to vote
Australian ballot (secret ballot)
Practice that required citizens to vote in private rather than in public, and required the government (rather than political parties) to supervise the voting process.
How did progressive reforms hurt voter turnout rates?
Progressives believed citizenship was a responsibility that should be difficult to attain, and limited voting. Non-citizens couldnt vote and citizenship became harder to get, leading to massive drop in black enfranchisement
Who helped found the NAACP?
W.E.B. DuBois
First state to give women suffrage
Wyoming in 1890
Did the west give women suffrage on the basis of equality?
No. It was given on the basis that women had useful qualities to tame the wild men living on the frontier, and were more nurturing and motherly.
Who picketed the white house?
Alice Paul
Carrie Chapmann Catt
lead the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
Republican leader of reform in Wisconsin
Robert LaFollette
Concept to bring reform to the entire US
Wisconsin Idea
Frederick Winslow Taylor
1856-1915 *Created the basis for the scientific management of business in his quest for efficiency *Used shops and large plants as models and succeeded in spreading his ideas on efficiency to several industries *Wrote books on the subject of scientific management
Scientific Management
the application of scientific principles to increase efficiency in the workplace
Booker T. Washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
Niagara Convention
Led by W.E.B DuBois; established rights through the court
NAACP magazine
The Crisis
NAACP
Interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for African Americans.
National Urban League
an interracial organization formed in 1910 to help solve social problems facing African Americans who lived in the cities
Mutualistas
organized groups of Mexican Americans that make loans and provide legal assistance to other members of their community
Anti-Defamation League
organization formed in 1913 to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks and false statements
How did Roosevelt become president?
McKinley was assassinated
Old Guard Republicans
Opposed reform and controlled Congress
Roosevelt was known as
trust buster
What was the first trust Roosevelt busted?
Northern Securities in 1902
Sherman Antitrust Act
First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions
What was Roosevelt's opinions of Trusts?
Only trusts that violated the law should be busted, some trusts were good for the economy
Roosevelt System
New Nationalism; didn't want to destroy all trusts but favored regulation
1902 Coal Strike
United Mine Workers demanded 20 percent wage increase, a reductive in daily working hours from ten to nine, and formal management recognition in their union; mines shut down in an effort to starve out the miners; Roosevelt's conference ended in an impasse, he threatened to take over the mines and and run them with the army; ended in October with an agreement to submit the issues to an arbitration commission named by the president; enhanced the prestige of Roosevelt and the nation's leaders, but only partial victories for the miners; won 9 hour work day and only 10% increase wages
Roosevelt's environmental policy
He gave 148 million acres for forest reserves, and he also gave 80 acres of land to geologists who wanted to research for water minerals
Was Roosevelt a preservationist or conservationist?
Roosevelt was not a preservationist who despised human interference in the wild but instead wanted it to be a test of men and show the nations roots. He sought to protect nature from corporations.
Public Land Commission
Created by Roosevelt in 1903 to survey lands, inventory them, and make permits
Gilfred Pinchot
Friend of Roosevelt; convinced him to move forests to the Department of Agriculture, first chief of US Forest Service
Roosevelt's hand-picked successor
William Howard Taft
Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy
Richard A Ballinger aroused progressives by reopening one million acres of land to corporations, Pinchot went public with his discoveries. Roosevelt sided with Pinchot, Taft defended Ballinger, leading to a falling out between the two
Adamson Act
8 hour work day for railroad workers
Robert LaFollette began his political career as a Democrat. Select one: True False
False
Western states granted women the right to vote in the interest of egalitarianism. Select one: True False
False
The Payne-Aldrich Tariff encouraged foreign imports. Select one: True False
False
Many suffragists in the South and West opposed the franchise for Americans of color. Select one: True False
True
In 1915, the Supreme Court Select one: a. endorsed the separate but equal principle. b. outlawed railroad rebates. c. invalidated "grandfather clauses" that allowed certain whites to vote in Oklahoma and Maryland. d. declared poll taxes unconstitutional. e. declared segregation unconstitutional.
The correct answer is: invalidated "grandfather clauses" that allowed certain whites to vote in Oklahoma and Maryland.
All of the following describe the role of saloons in ethnic, working-class neighborhoods except Select one: a. they drained family finances and contributed to domestic violence. b. they offered workers decent places to eat lunch. c. they offered loans and check cashing services. d. they were supported by progressive reformers as positive assets in working-class communities. e. they offered traditional ethnic food and drinks.
The correct answer is: they were supported by progressive reformers as positive assets in working-class communities.
Woodrow Wilson was the favorite as the 1912 Democratic convention began. Select one: True False
False
Theodore Roosevelt's antitrust policy reflected his belief that the Select one: a. best solution would be see all monopolies destroyed. b. economy would profit from an increase in the number of small, family-owned businesses. c. federal government should not interfere with the economy. d. federal government should own all monopolies. e. federal government should only dissolve monopolies that violated the law.
The correct answer is: federal government should only dissolve monopolies that violated the law.
Municipal political reform such as the city commission plan in Galveston was Select one: a. inspired by civic-minded businessmen who wanted government to be modeled after the private sector. b. insignificant compared to national political reform. c. the main purpose of "machine" politics. d. an eastern movement. e. inspired by European immigrants.
The correct answer is: inspired by civic-minded businessmen who wanted government to be modeled after the private sector.
All of the following contributed to the 1912 split in the Republican party except Select one: a. Progressive dissatisfaction with the Payne-Aldrich tariff. b. controversy over efforts to limit the power of the Speaker of the House of Representatives. c. old guard opposition to Taft's conservation policy. d. conservative manipulation of the nominating convention in favor of Taft. e. Gifford Pinchot's opposition to the Taft administration.
The correct answer is: old guard opposition to Taft's conservation policy.
Most progressives agreed on the need for an activist government to right political, economic, and social wrongs. Select one: True False
True
Woodrow Wilson identified with the Bryan wing of the Democratic Party. Select one: True False
False
The first task that Woodrow Wilson undertook after assuming the presidency was overhauling the nation's financial system. Select one: True False
False
Muckraking was Select one: a. a term coined by Jane Addams that referred to the kinds of jobs immigrants were forced to take. b. a banking scandal precipitated by J. P Morgan. c. the term describing writers who sold sensational fiction stories to the media to generate public outrage. d. an insulting term used to describe politicians. e. a term coined by Theodore Roosevelt.
The correct answer is: a term coined by Theodore Roosevelt.
Progressive views on voting rights included the belief that Select one: a. the vote that should be granted only to those responsible enough to handle it. b. blacks were racially and culturally unfit and should be denied the vote. c. immigrants should become citizens before being allowed to vote. d. citizenship should be difficult to achieve. e. all of the above.
The correct answer is: all of the above.
Settlement houses had dual functions: They were neighborhood resources for immigrants and working-class residents, while they also actively participated in the progressive political agenda nationwide. Select one: True False
True
Muckrakers were more sympathetic than were the settlement house workers to the problems of the inner-city poor. Select one: True False
True
Julius Wayland's Appeal to Reason reached 750,000 subscribers weekly. Select one: True False
True
In response to the 1902 coal miners' strike President Roosevelt Select one: a. dispatched federal troops to restore order and force the miners back to work. b. insisted that mine owners accept arbitration or face federal troops to seizures of their property. c. refused to involve the federal government. d. defied public opinion by siding with the workers. e. nationalized the coal fields.
The correct answer is: insisted that mine owners accept arbitration or face federal troops to seizures of their property.
W. E. B. Du Bois Select one: a. opposed Booker T. Washington's accommodationist philosophy with regard to race relations. b. encouraged the African American community to compromise with white racists. c. opposed the organization of the NAACP. d. called for segregation of the races. e. supported black nationalism.
The correct answer is: opposed Booker T. Washington's accommodationist philosophy with regard to race relations.
The Australian ballot predated the Progressive Era. Select one: True False
True
After his first term, President Theodore Roosevelt won the support of working-class Americans because they believed he was willing to use the federal government to arbitrate labor disputes. Select one: True False
True
All of the following bills passed during Wilson's first term except Select one: a. the Kern-McGillicuddy Act (worker compensation for Federal employees). b. the Adamson Act (8-hour work day). c. the Hepburn Act (railroad regulation). d. the Keating-Owen Act (child labor regulations). e. Federal Reserve Act (creating a national banking system).
The correct answer is: the Hepburn Act (railroad regulation).
"Realism," characterized by skepticism and detachment, Select one: a. evolved from working-class writers' and artists' depictions of their lives through fiction. b. emphasized the virtue of the formal, constitutional theory of democratic processes. c. evolved from writers' attempts to portray American life as it "truly was." d. emulated a similar movement in Europe. e. described Americans' attitude toward politics.
The correct answer is: evolved from writers' attempts to portray American life as it "truly was."
The most important law passed during Woodrow Wilson's first administration was the Select one: a. Underwood-Simmons Tariff. b. Federal Reserve Act. c. Clayton Antitrust Act. d. Federal Trade Commission Act. e. Hepburn Act.
The correct answer is: Federal Reserve Act.
Socialism Select one: a. never developed support in the United States. b. was a European movement that had no relevance to American society and politics. c. had a substantial and significant impact on Progressivism. d. attracted only college-educated intellectuals. e. was eliminated in America before the turn of the century.
The correct answer is: had a substantial and significant impact on Progressivism.
Theodore Roosevelt became known as a "trust-buster" because he directed the Justice Department to prosecute Select one: a. Standard Oil. b. Northern Securities Company. c. Hormel Meatpackers. d. American Telegraph and Telephone. e. American Tobacco Company.
The correct answer is: Northern Securities Company.
The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution Select one: a. gave women the vote. b. gave blacks the vote. c. gave the government the power to impose an income tax. d. prohibited alcoholic beverages. e. provided for the popular election of Senators.
The correct answer is: gave the government the power to impose an income tax.
"Realism" affected only artistic endeavors like painting and sculpture. Select one: True False
False
Robert LaFollette is noted as Select one: a. the Republican governor and U.S. senator who led the Progressive reform movement in Wisconsin. b. the head of the most corrupt political machine in U.S. history. c. the first socialist elected to national office. d. Woodrow Wilson's secretary of state. e. the leader of conservative Republicans in Congress.
The correct answer is: the Republican governor and U.S. senator who led the Progressive reform movement in Wisconsin.
The Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization made it easier to become a U.S. citizen. Select one: True False
False
All of the following statements regarding Eugene V Debs are true EXCEPT he Select one: a. was imprisoned in 1895 for leading the Pullman strike. b. was a radical revolutionary who called for the violent overthrow of capitalism. c. was the leader and founder of the Socialist Party of America. d. was a presidential candidate in the election of 1912. e. saw himself as the savior of American political and cultural traditions.
The correct answer is: was a radical revolutionary who called for the violent overthrow of capitalism.
Theodore Roosevelt meant the term "muckraker" as a compliment. Select one: True False
False
The best-known American settlement house was Select one: a. founded by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr in 1889, in Chicago. b. Toynbee Hall. c. founded by prominent Chicago businessman Charles Hull. d. founded by muckraker Ida Tarbell. e. founded in Washington, D.C., by the federal government.
The correct answer is: founded by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr in 1889, in Chicago.
The NAACP was an organization composed entirely of northern blacks whose goals included desegregation and elimination of voting restrictions for blacks throughout the nation. Select one: True False
False
All of the following were involved in forming the Department of Social Research at the University of Chicago except Select one: a. Julia Lathrop. b. Ellen Gates Starr. c. Edith Abbott. d. Sophonistra Breckinridge. e. none of the above.
The correct answer is: Ellen Gates Starr.
Middle-class female reformers like Florence Kelley and Jane Addams Select one: a. promoted a feminist agenda. b. tended to be married and have families. c. were cultural conservatives concerned about female sexuality and alcohol consumption. d. were sympathetic to the role alcohol played in different ethnic traditions. e. championed sexual freedom.
The correct answer is: were cultural conservatives concerned about female sexuality and alcohol consumption.
The most important law passed during Woodrow Wilson's first administration was the Select one: a. Underwood-Simmons Tariff. b. Federal Reserve Act. c. Clayton Antitrust Act. d. Federal Trade Commission Act. e. Hepburn Act.
The correct answer is: Federal Reserve Act.
The city commission form of local government was first used in the aftermath of a destructive tidal wave in Galveston, Texas. Select one: True False
True
William Howard Taft was a Select one: a. corrupt, incompetent professional politician. b. strong preservationist in regard to the national forests. c. cautious and conservative leader whose specialty was constitutional law. d. dynamic, aggressive personality who loved public confrontations. e. Democrat.
The correct answer is: cautious and conservative leader whose specialty was constitutional law.
Theodore Roosevelt's environmental policy reflected his belief that Select one: a. national forests and wildlife should be protected from human encroachment. b. public land and natural resources should be scientifically managed and efficiently developed. c. cattlemen and lumber companies should have free use of public lands. d. local and state governments were responsible for regulating natural resources. e. public lands should be sold to private enterprise.
The correct answer is: public land and natural resources should be scientifically managed and efficiently developed.
Which of the following was not an aspect of Progressive Era municipal reform? Select one: a. a city manager plan b. a city commissioner plan c. public utilities d. a balanced budget e. elimination of corruption
The correct answer is: a balanced budget
All of the following contributed to the 1912 split in the Republican party except Select one: a. Progressive dissatisfaction with the Payne-Aldrich tariff. b. controversy over efforts to limit the power of the Speaker of the House of Representatives. c. old guard opposition to Taft's conservation policy. d. conservative manipulation of the nominating convention in favor of Taft. e. Gifford Pinchot's opposition to the Taft administration.
The correct answer is: old guard opposition to Taft's conservation policy.
Progressive-era reform in municipal politics diminished the influence of working-class and minority residents and resulted in more power for the middle and upper classes. Select one: True False
True
The Federal Reserve Act Select one: a. broke up powerful private financial institutions that were too powerful. b. was a more powerful and centralized authority than a national bank would have been. c. prohibited interlocking directories. d. provided for government ownership of national banks. e. was more in keeping with Roosevelt's concept of New Nationalism than with the promises of Wilson's New Freedom.
The correct answer is: was more in keeping with Roosevelt's concept of New Nationalism than with the promises of Wilson's New Freedom.
Which of the following statements is true? Select one: a. All socialists were Progressives. b. All Progressives were socialists. c. All socialists promoted the idea of a revolution. d. There were no socialists in America. e. No socialist was ever elected president during the Progressive era.
The correct answer is: No socialist was ever elected president during the Progressive era.
Jane Addams approved of political machines. Select one: True False
False
Richard Ballinger, Secretary of Interior under President Taft, angered progressives by Select one: a. opposing the women's suffrage amendment. b. supporting high protective tariffs. c. opening public land for private commercial use. d. opposing legislation to regulate the food and meat packing industry. e. opposing the income tax amendment.
The correct answer is: opening public land for private commercial use.
Which of the following states was not among the first to enfranchise women? Select one: a. Idaho b. Wyoming c. Utah d. New York e. Colorado
The correct answer is: New York
Woodrow Wilson mounted an aggressive antitrust campaign after assuming the presidency. Select one: True False
False
Under the city manager plan, Select one: a. city commissioners set policy while the executive officer implemented policy. b. the city manager position was an elected two-year office. c. poor and minority voters' influence increased. d. voting fraud and graft were