Period 6 Gov Test

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What are the three levels of government?
Judicial, Executive, Legislative
Who represents the legislative branch?
What makes up Congress?
Senate and House of Representatives
What are the people congressmen represent called?
Constituency District
What power does the legislative branch have?
make laws
Who represents the executive branch?
President, executive departments, executive offices, and independent federal agencies
What power does the executive branch have?
Carry out or enforce the laws and to direct foreign policy
Who represents the judicial branch?
Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, District Courts, and Special Courts
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
Nine; including the Chief Justice
What power does the judicial branch have?
See that the laws and the manner of their enforcement conform to the Constitution
What check does the executive branch have over the legislative branch?
The president can veto laws the legislative branch makes with a presidential veto
What check does the legislative branch have over the executive branch?
The legislative branch can override a veto with enough votes
What check does the judicial branch have over the legislative branch?
The judicial branch can declare laws unconstitutional
What check does the legislative branch have over the judicial branch?
The legislative branch confirms the president's nominations for judicial positions
Which president has served more than 2 terms in office?
What are three departments in the executive branch?
Answers can vary: U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Department of Defense, U.S. Department of Education, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
What does the Vice President do?
Serves in both the executive branch and the legislative branch of government
What is a pocket veto?
An indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president or a governor by retaining the bill unsigned until it is too late for it to be dealt with during the legislative session
In the presidential election, who are you actually voting for?
Slate of electors
How many electoral votes are needed to win the presidency?
Which state ahs the most electoral votes?
California with 55 votes
Although not a state, which district has three elcetoral votes?
District of Columbia
How many executive cabinets are there?
Why was the 22nd amendment created?
To keep president from getting too much power. FDR's fault
Who has the power to name the president in case of a tie?
The House of Representatives
The _________________ has the power to impeach the president and the _________________ then convicts or acquits.
House of Representatives, Senate
___________________ has the authority to control the trainign and equipping of militias.
Who pays the vice president's salary?
The Senate
__________________ has the power to regulate its own size.
What do the 2 lights on top of the US Capitol building signify? What does the white light and the red light represent?
They signify if the legislative branches are in night session. White for the House of Representatives, Red for the Senate.
What are the legislative branch's four main roles?
1. to represent the people 2. declares war 3. to legislate 4. to approve the Government's request for money.
What are the people in the House of Representative called and how many are there?
Congressmen and 435 total
What are the people in the senate called?
Is the number of congressmen a state receives dependent on the state population?
The members of the supreme court are nominated by the _____________________.
The President
Define Treason
Betrayal of allegiance towards one's own country. Taking up arms against the United States or aiding enemies in times of war.
Treason can be tried after a _______________ or with the testimony of _________________ witnesses.
confession, two
Every state is guaranteed a _______________ form of government.
The supreme court has final say in _______________, ________________, and _________________ law
Federal, Civil, and Criminal
Citizens play their part in the judiciary system by _______________________
Serving in juries
Most legal cases play out in _____________________ courts.
Who is the current Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
John G. Roberts Jr.
The laws made by congress and the states fall under the domain of ____________________ courts.
What important supreme court power isn't outlined in the constitution?
Judicial Review