Med Terminology Final

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121 Terms
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new or strange
onc/o or -oma
Mass or Tumor
poison, poisonous
a substance that causes an allergic reaction in an individual
A medication that is capable of inhibiting the growth of or killing pathogenic bacterial microorganisms.
a disease-fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific antigen
any substance that the body regards as being foreign
a severe response to an allergen in which the symptoms develop quickly, and without help, the patient can die within a few minutes.
autoimmune disorder
Any of a large group of diseases characterized by a condition in which the immune system produces antibodies to work against its own tissues, or organs for antigens.
A group of one-celled microscopic organisms, some of which are pathogenic.
infectious mononucleosis
an infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) that is characterized by fever, a sore throat, and enlarged lymph nodes
a plant or animal that lives on or within another living organism at the expense of that organism
opportunistic infection
caused by a pathogen that does not normally produce an illness in healthy humans, but is able to cause an infection in a weakened host.
Not life-threatening (mass)
An infection caused by yeast, a type of fungus.
carcinoma in situ
a malignant tumor in its original position that has not yet disturbed or invaded the surrounding tissues
Describes the function of destroying worn-out erythrocytes (red blood cells) and releasing their hemoglobin for reuse.
A group of large herpes-type viruses found in most body fluids and most often causing an infection without signs or symptoms. Can cause a serious illness when the individual has a weakened immune system or when passed from mother to unborn child.
cytotoxic drug
medication that kills or damages cells
an agent that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi
a substance that prevents or reduces the body's normal immune response
A treatment of disease by either stimulating or repressing the immune response.
radiation therapy administered at a distance from the body that is precisely targeted with the use of three-dimensional computer imaging
this is a large circular cavity in both sides of the pelvis that articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint.
the rounded bony protuberance on the tibia and fibula on the sides of each ankle joint
the five bones that form the palms of the hand
xyphoid process
the bony structure that forms the lowest portion of the sternum
this is the shaft portion of a long bone
Ankylosing spondylitis
a form of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae
the type of arthritis most commonly associated with aging; also known as wear-and-tear arthritis
Juvenille Rheumatoid Arthritis
An autoimmune disorder that affects children ages 16 years or younger, with symptoms that include stiffness, pain, joint swelling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue.
A deficiency disease occurring in children characterized by defective bone growth and caused by a lack of vitamin D.
Paget's disease
A disease of unknown origin that is characterized by extensive breakdown of bone tissue followed by abnormal bone formation.
this is the surgical fusion of two bones to stiffen a joint
the surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint
dual x-ray absorptiometry
this is a low-exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and hips to measure bone density
orthopedist, orthopedic surgeon
A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles.
a mechanical appliance, such as a leg brace or splint, that is specially designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function
softening of cartilage
this occurs when there is an inflammation of the cartilage that connects one of the ribs to the sternum
This is a form of arthritis characterized by deposits of uric acid and crystals in the joints
hallux valgus
an abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe, also known as bunion.
an abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side; also known as humpback or dowager's hump.
comminuted fracture
This is a fracture where the bone is splintered or crushed
compression fracture
occurs when the bone is pressed together (compressed) on itself
the grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together
internal fixation
a fracture treatment in which a plate or pins are placed directly into the bone to hold the broken pieces in place
open fracture
A break in which the bone is broken and there is an open wound in the skin; also known as a compound fracture.
blood or lymph vessel
a mixture or blending
fast, rapid
the technique of mechanically widening a narrowed or obstructed blood vessel
Largest artery in the body
upper chambers of the heart
triscupid valve
this valve controls the opening between the upper right atrium and the lower right ventricle
right ventricle
pumps the oxygen-poor blood through the pulmonary semilunar valve and into the pulmonary artery, which carries it to the lungs
left atrium
Chamber that receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary veins. the blood flows out of the LA, throught the mitral valve, and into the left ventricle
The loss of the normal rhythm of the heartbeat
Sickle cell anemia
a genetic disorder that causes abnormal hemoglobin, resulting in some red blood cells assuming an abnormal sickle shape that interferes with normal blood flow
high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
is referred to as good cholesterol (because it carries unneeded cholesterol back to the liver for processing and does not contribute to plaque buildup)
A record of the electrical activity of the myocardium
Raynaud's disease
a peripheral arterial occlusive disease in which intermittent attacks are triggered by cold or stress
medication that dissolves or causes a thrombus to break up; also know as a clot-busting drug
Cardiac catherization
a diagnostic procedure in which a catheter is passed into a vein or artery and then guided into the heart
Class of drugs administered to lower high blood pressure
duplex ultrasound
a diagnostic procedure to image the structures of the blood vessels and the flow of blood through these vessels
thallium stress test
A diagnostic test performed to evaluate how well blood flows through the coronary arteries of the heart muscle during exercise.
megaloblastic anemia
a blood disorder characterized by anemia in which the red blood cells are larger than normal
the systemic condition often associated with severe infections caused by the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream is know as
ventrial fibrillation
this type of fibrillation, consist of rapid, irregular and useless contractions o the ventricles, instead of pumping strongly, the heart muscle quivers ineffectively
This localized weak spot, or ballon-like enlargement, can appear in the wall of an artery
a type of cancer characterized by a progressive increase in the number of abnormal leukocytes (white blood cells) found in blood forming tissues, other organs, and in the circulating blood
anatomical position
This describes the body standing in the standard position. this includes standing so the body is erect and facing forward and the arms are the sides with palms facing up
this is a opening in a bone thought which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass
sphenoid bone
this is a bone of the skull is a butterfly-shaped/bat-shaped cranial bone that is located in the middle of the skull
synovial joints
this type of joint is created where two bones articulate to permit a variety of monitors
appendicular skeleton
this portion of the skeleton makes body movement possible and also protects the organs of digestion, excretion and reproduction
this is a loss of bone density and increase in bone purity and is frequently associated with agign.
this is evidence of disease that can be evaluated by a patient or others
this is evidence that can be evaluated ONLY by the patient
this is a condition of the bones of the arm that is a painful inflammation of tendons surrounding an epicondyle causes known as "tennis elbow"
acascular necrosis
this is an area of bone tissue death caused by insufficient blood flow, it most commonly occurs in the hip joint, and often requires a hip replacement.
lower back pain
partial dislocation of a bone from its joint
abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine
this is the total displacement of a bone from its joint
herniated disk
the breaking apart of an intervertebral disk that results in pressure on spinal nerve roots
specializes in the manipulative treatment of disorders originating from misalignment of the spine
this person specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the foot
this is the use of x-radiation to visualize bone fractures and other abnormalities
bone density testing (BDT)
used to determine losses or changes in bone density, these tests are used to diagnose conditions such as osteoporosis, osteomalacia, osteopenia, and Paget's disease
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
this is used to create images of soft tissue structures such as the interior of complex joint. it os not the most efficient method of imaging hard tissues such as bone
cephal/o, cephalic
towards the head, head
anatomical position
To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands turned forward
pelvic cavity
this cavity space is formed by the hip bones and contains the organs for reproduction
Spinal cavity
this cavity surrounds and protects the spinal cord
sagittal plane
a vertical plane that divides the body into unequal right and left portions
this is the identification of a disease, or to reach a conclusion regarding a disease or condition
describes, disease with a rapid onset and has a relatively short duration
this is a set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
lower than normal blood pressure
pounding or racing heart
surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove fluid
this term describes disease or procedure named for the person who discovered it
this is the radiographic study of blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium
this is a double helix stand of information that is found in the cells and provides information about heredity
coronal plane/frontal plane
this vertical plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
Down Syndrome
this is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of an extra chromosome and is associated with developmental delays, an upward slant in the eyes, and low muscle tone
exocrine gland
A secretion of a chemical substance that can secrete through ducts os produced by this type of gland
this is when a dominant gene is inherited from either parent the offspring (will/ will not) inherit the genetic condition or characteristic
a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin
this is a prediction of the probability course and outcome of a disorder
caud/o caudal
toward the lower part of the body or tail
the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
endocrine glands
a secretion of a chemical substance that can be secreted straight into the blood stream is this type of gland
closed fracture
also know as simple fracture or a complete fracture, is one in which the bone is broke, but there is no open found in the skin
pathelogical fracture
a bone fracture caused by diseases that weaken the bone structure, Paget's disease
Open fracture
Opening in the skin
greenstick fracture
also know as incomplete fracture this is a fracture as which the bone is bent and only partially broken, this type of fracture occurs primarily on children